The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

Stochastic neural field theory and the system-size expansion

Bressloff, P. C. (2009) Stochastic neural field theory and the system-size expansion. Not specified . (Submitted)

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Abstract

We analyze a master equation formulation of stochastic neurodynamics for a network of synaptically coupled homogeneous neuronal populations each consisting of N identical neurons. The state of the network is specified by the fraction of active or spiking neurons in each population, and transition rates are chosen so that in the thermodynamic or deterministic limit (N → ∞) we recover standard activity–based or voltage–based rate models. We derive the lowest order corrections to these rate equations for large but finite N using two different approximation schemes, one based on the Van Kampen system-size expansion and the other based on path integral methods. Both methods yield the same series expansion of the moment equations, which at O(1/N ) can be truncated to form a closed system of equations for the first and second order moments. Taking a continuum limit of the moment equations whilst keeping the system size N fixed generates a system of integrodifferential equations for the mean and covariance of the corresponding stochastic neural field model. We also show how the path integral approach can be used to study large deviation or rare event statistics underlying escape from the basin of attraction of a stable fixed point of the mean–field dynamics; such an analysis is not possible using the system-size expansion since the latter cannot accurately
determine exponentially small transitions.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:D - G > General
Research Groups:Oxford Centre for Collaborative Applied Mathematics
ID Code:841
Deposited By:Dr M. Stoll
Deposited On:16 Oct 2009 07:39
Last Modified:16 Oct 2009 07:39

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