Chapman, S. J. (2002) Subcritical transition in channel flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 451 . pp. 35-97. ISSN 0022-1120
Certain laminar flows are known to be linearly stable at all Reynolds numbers, R, although in practice they always become turbulent for sufficiently large R. Other flows typically become turbulent well before the critical Reynolds number of linear instability. One resolution of these paradoxes is that the domain of attraction for the laminar state shrinks for large (as say, with ), so that small but finite perturbations lead to transition. Trefethen et al. (1993) conjectured that in fact [gamma] <[minus sign]1. Subsequent numerical experiments by Lundbladh, Henningson & Reddy (1994) indicated that for streamwise initial perturbations and for plane Couette and plane Poiseuille flow respectively (using subcritical Reynolds numbers for plane Poiseuille flow), while for oblique initial perturbations and . Here, through a formal asymptotic analysis of the Navier–Stokes equations, it is found that for streamwise initial perturbations and for plane Couette and plane Poiseuille flow respectively (factoring out the unstable modes for plane Poiseuille flow), while for oblique initial perturbations and . Furthermore it is shown why the numerically determined threshold exponents are not the true asymptotic values.
|Subjects:||D - G > Fluid mechanics|
|Research Groups:||Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics|
|Deposited By:||Jon Chapman|
|Deposited On:||24 May 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2009 14:22|
Repository Staff Only: item control page