The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

Modelling rain forest diversity: the role of competition

Bampfylde, C. J. and Brown, N. D. and Gavaghan, D. J. and Maini, P. K. (2005) Modelling rain forest diversity: the role of competition. Ecological Modelling, 188 (2-3). pp. 253-278.

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Abstract

Rain forests exhibit enormous species diversity, but the mechanisms for establishing and maintaining such diversity are unknown. Models involving both exploitative and pre-emptive competition have been proposed. We examine two of these models mathematically and show that neither can exhibit species diversity. The inclusion of random fruiting events, together with seedling population decay, can result in both models exhibiting long-term coexistence of many species. However, the parameter values required to simulate such behaviour are more realistic for the pre-emptive competition model than for the exploitative competition model. Our analysis has general implications for all tropical rain forests in that it suggests that a competition–colonisation type trade-off is not a sufficient condition for species coexistence.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Competition; Diversity; Mathematical model; Metapopulations; Rain forests; Seeding events
Subjects:A - C > Biology and other natural sciences
Research Groups:Centre for Mathematical Biology
ID Code:339
Deposited By:Philip Maini
Deposited On:10 Nov 2006
Last Modified:20 Jul 2009 14:20

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