The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

From invasion to latency: intracellular noise and cell motility as key controls of the competition between resource-limited cellular populations

Guerrero, P and Byrne, H. M. and Maini, Philip and Alarcon, T. (2016) From invasion to latency: intracellular noise and cell motility as key controls of the competition between resource-limited cellular populations. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 72 (1). pp. 123-156.

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Abstract

In this paper we analyse stochastic models of the competition between two resource-limited cell populations which differ in their response to nutrient availability: the resident population exhibits a switch-like response behaviour while the invading population exhibits a bistable response. We investigate how noise in the intracellular regulatory pathways and cell motility influence the fate of the incumbent and invading populations. We focus initially on a spatially homogeneous system and study in detail the role of intracellular noise. We show that in such well-mixed systems, two distinct regimes exist: In the low (intracellular) noise limit, the invader has the ability to invade the resident population, whereas in the high noise regime competition between the two populations is found to be neutral and, in accordance with neutral evolution theory, invasion is a random event. Careful examination of the system dynamics leads us to conclude that (i) even if the invader is unable to invade, the distribution of survival times, PS(t), has a fat-tail behaviour (PS(t)∼t−1) which implies that small colonies of mutants can coexist with the resident population for arbitrarily long times, and (ii) the bistable structure of the invading population increases the stability of the latent population, thus increasing their long-term likelihood of survival, by decreasing the intensity of the noise at the population level. We also examine the effects of spatial inhomogeneity. In the low noise limit we find that cell motility is positively correlated with the aggressiveness of the invader as defined by the time the invader takes to invade the resident population: the faster the invasion, the more aggressive the invader.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Invasion Latency Noise Motility
Subjects:A - C > Biology and other natural sciences
Research Groups:Centre for Mathematical Biology
ID Code:1919
Deposited By: Philip Maini
Deposited On:13 Jan 2016 07:28
Last Modified:13 Jan 2016 07:28

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