The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

Gravity-driven draining of a thin rivulet with constant width down a slowly varying substrate

Paterson, C. and Wilson, S. K. and Duffy, B. R. (2012) Gravity-driven draining of a thin rivulet with constant width down a slowly varying substrate. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids . (Submitted)

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Abstract

The locally unidirectional gravity-driven draining of a thin rivulet with constant width but slowly varying contact angle down a slowly varying substrate is considered. Specifically, the flow of a rivulet in the azimuthal direction from the top to the bottom of a large horizontal cylinder is investigated. In particular, it is shown that, despite behaving the same locally, this flow has qualitatively different global behaviour from that of a rivulet with constant contact angle but slowly varying width. For example, whereas in the case of constant contact angle there is always a rivulet that runs all the way from the top to the bottom of the cylinder, in the case of constant width this is possible only for sufficiently narrow rivulets. Wider rivulets with constant width are possible only between the top of the cylinder and a critical azimuthal angle on the lower half of the cylinder. Assuming that the contact lines de-pin at this critical angle (where the contact angle is zero) the rivulet runs from the critical angle to the bottom of the cylinder with zero contact angle, monotonically decreasing width and monotonically increasing maximum thickness. The total mass of fluid on the cylinder is found to be a monotonically increasing function of the value of the constant width.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:D - G > General
Research Groups:Oxford Centre for Collaborative Applied Mathematics
ID Code:1544
Deposited By:Peter Hudston
Deposited On:05 Jul 2012 08:53
Last Modified:05 Jul 2012 08:53

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