The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

Squeeze-Film Flow in the Presence of a Thin Porous Bed, with Application to the Human Knee Joint

Knox, D. J. and Wilson, S. K. and Duffy, B. R. and McKee, S. (2012) Squeeze-Film Flow in the Presence of a Thin Porous Bed, with Application to the Human Knee Joint. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics . (Submitted)

[img]
Preview
PDF
706Kb

Abstract

Motivated by the desire for a better understanding of the lubrication of the human knee joint, the squeeze-film flow of a thin layer of Newtonian fluid (representing the synovial fluid) filling the gap between a flat impermeable surface (representing the femoral condyles) and a flat thin porous bed (representing the articular cartilage) coating a stationary flat impermeable surface (representing the tibial plateau) is considered. As the impermeable surface approaches the porous bed under a prescribed constant load all of the fluid is squeezed out of the gap in a finite contact time. In the context of the knee, the size of this contact time suggests that when a person stands still for a short period of time their knees may be fluid lubricated, but that when they stand still for a longer period of time contact between the cartilage-coated surfaces may occur. The fluid particle paths are calculated, and the penetration depths of fluid particles into the porous bed are determined. In the context of the knee, these penetration depths provide a measure of how far into the cartilage nutrients are carried by the synovial fluid, and suggest that when a person stands still nutrients initially in the fluid layer penetrate only a relatively small distance into the cartilage. However, the model also suggests that the cumulative effect of repeated loading and unloading of the knees during physical activity such as walking or running may be sufficient to carry nutrients deep into the cartilage.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:D - G > General
Research Groups:Oxford Centre for Collaborative Applied Mathematics
ID Code:1543
Deposited By:Peter Hudston
Deposited On:05 Jul 2012 08:49
Last Modified:05 Jul 2012 08:49

Repository Staff Only: item control page