The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

Moment-based formulation of Navier–Maxwell slip boundary conditions for lattice Boltzmann simulations of rarefied flows in microchannels

Reis, T. and Dellar, P. J. (2012) Moment-based formulation of Navier–Maxwell slip boundary conditions for lattice Boltzmann simulations of rarefied flows in microchannels. Physics of Fluids . (Submitted)

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Abstract

We present an implementation of first-order Navier–Maxwell slip boundary conditions for simulating near-continuum rarefied flows in microchannels with the lattice Boltzmann method. Rather than imposing boundary conditions directly on the particle velocity distribution functions, following the existing discrete analogs of the specular and diffuse reflection conditions from continuous kinetic theory, we use a moment-based method to impose the Navier–Maxwell slip boundary conditions that relate the velocity and the strain rate at the boundary. We use these conditions to solve for the unknown distribution functions that propagate into the
domain across the boundary. We achieve second-order accuracy by reformulating these conditions for the second set of distribution functions that arise in the derivation of the lattice Boltzmann method by an integration along characteristics. The results are in excellent agreement with asymptotic solutions of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations for microchannel flows in the slip regime. Our moment formalism is also valuable for analysing the existing boundary conditions, and explains the origin of numerical slip in the bounce-back and other common boundary conditions that impose explicit conditions on the higher moments instead of on the local tangential velocity.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:D - G > General
Research Groups:Oxford Centre for Collaborative Applied Mathematics
ID Code:1524
Deposited By:Peter Hudston
Deposited On:04 Jul 2012 09:04
Last Modified:04 Jul 2012 09:04

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