The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

How linear features alter predator movement and the functional
response

McKenzie, H. W. and Merrill, E. H. and Spiteri, R. J. and Lewis, M. A. (2012) How linear features alter predator movement and the functional
response.
Journal of the Royal Society Interface Focus . (Submitted)

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Abstract

In areas of oil and gas exploration, seismic lines have been reported to alter the movement patterns of wolves (Canis lupus). We developed a mechanistic first passage time model, based on an anisotropic elliptic partial differential equation, and used this to explore how wolf movement responses to seismic lines influence the encounter rate of the wolves with their prey. The model was parametrized using 5 min GPS location data. These data showed that wolves travelled faster on seismic lines and had a higher probability of staying on a seismic line once they were on it. We simulated wolf movement on a range of seismic line densities and drew implications for the rate of predator–prey interactions as described by the functional response. The functional response exhibited a more than linear increase with respect to prey density (type III) as well as interactions with seismic line density. Encounter rates were significantly higher in landscapes with high seismic line density and were most pronounced at low prey densities. This suggests that prey at low population densities are at higher risk in environments with a high seismic line density unless they learn to avoid them.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:D - G > General
Research Groups:Oxford Centre for Collaborative Applied Mathematics
ID Code:1478
Deposited By:Peter Hudston
Deposited On:02 Mar 2012 07:49
Last Modified:02 Mar 2012 07:49

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