The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

A two-compartment mechanochemical model of the roles of
transforming growth factor β and tissue tension in dermal wound healing

Murphy, K. E. and Hall, C. L. and Maini, P. K. and McCue, S. W. and McElwain, D. L. S. (2011) A two-compartment mechanochemical model of the roles of
transforming growth factor β and tissue tension in dermal wound healing.
Journal of Theoretical Biology . (Submitted)

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Abstract

The repair of dermal tissue is a complex process of interconnected phenomena, where cellular, chemical and mechanical aspects all play a role, both in an autocrine and in a paracrine fashion. Recent experimental results have shown that transforming growth factor−β (TGFβ) and tissue mechanics play roles in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation and the production of extracellular materials. We have developed a 1D mathematical model that considers the interaction between the cellular, chemical and mechanical phenomena, allowing the combination of TGFβ and tissue stress to inform the activation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts. Additionally, our model incorporates the observed feature of residual stress by considering the changing zero-stress state in the formulation for effective strain. Using this model, we predict that the continued presence of TGFβ in dermal wounds will produce contractures due to the persistence of myofibroblasts; in contrast, early elimination of TGFβ significantly reduces the myofibroblast numbers resulting in an increase in wound size. Similar results were obtained by varying the rate at which fibroblasts differentiate to myofibroblasts and by changing the myofibroblast apoptotic rate. Taken together, the implication is that elevated levels of myofibroblasts is the key factor behind wounds healing with excessive contraction, suggesting that clinical strategies which aim to reduce the myofibroblast density may reduce the appearance of contractures.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:D - G > General
Research Groups:Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
ID Code:1432
Deposited By:Peter Hudston
Deposited On:15 Nov 2011 08:37
Last Modified:09 Feb 2012 13:54

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