The Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Eprints Archive

Modelling bacterial behaviour close to a no-slip plane boundary: the influence of bacterial geometry

Shum, H and Gaffney, E. A. and Smith, D J (2010) Modelling bacterial behaviour close to a no-slip plane boundary: the influence of bacterial geometry. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, 466 (8). pp. 1725-1748. ISSN 1364-5021

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Abstract

We describe a boundary-element method used to model the hydrodynamics of a bacterium propelled by a single helical flagellum. Using this model, we optimize the power efficiency of swimming with respect to cell body and flagellum geometrical parameters, and find that optima for swimming in unbounded fluid and near a no-slip plane boundary are nearly indistinguishable. We also consider the novel optimization objective of torque efficiency and find a very different optimal shape. Excluding effects such as Brownian motion and electrostatic interactions, it is demonstrated that hydrodynamic forces may trap the bacterium in a stable, circular orbit near the boundary, leading to the empirically observable surface accumulation of bacteria. Furthermore, the details and even the existence of this stable orbit depend on geometrical parameters of the bacterium, as described in this article. These results shed some light on the phenomenon of surface accumulation of micro-organisms and offer hydrodynamic explanations as to why some bacteria may accumulate more readily than others based on morphology.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: * bacteria * boundary-element method * optimization * surface accumulation * swimming
Subjects:A - C > Biology and other natural sciences
Research Groups:Centre for Mathematical Biology
ID Code:1366
Deposited By:Eamonn Gaffney
Deposited On:13 Aug 2011 10:04
Last Modified:13 Aug 2011 10:04

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